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We create knowledge, we bring the impacts!

Ethiopia has submitted its INDC (Intended Nationally Determined Contributions), a national strategy to tackle global climate change, to the UNFCCC. It mainly focuses on forest greenification, since forestry sector accounts for the largest amount of carbon emissions in the country. Ethiopia’s submission of its ambitious INDC is highly appreciated at the international level. Yet, trapped in the vicious cycle of serious forest destruction, the net damage is still increasing. Another noticeable factor that continuously traps the country in the vicious cycle of forest destruction is the low-quality of higher education and its curriculum.

For successful implementation of INDC under CRGE(Climate Resilient Green Economy Strategy) vision of Ethiopia, finance and technology transfer as well as supports for strengthening capacity are essential. One of the four main agendas of Ethiopia’s CRGE is forestry sector. By strengthening Ethiopia’s forestry sector through higher education, we can shift to a virtuous cycle of strengthened capacity of educational institutions and the government, and thus a better capacity to build a more resilient society.

In this context, our project aims to strengthen Ethiopia’s capacity to address climate change on forestry sector through higher education.

By successfully implementing the project, we expect following outcomes: improvement of university curriculum regarding international cooperation on climate change and forestry; development of teaching materials related to international cooperation on climate change and forestry; establishment of a management system of laboratory to examine forest ecology; strengthened government officials’ capacity to manage forestry and climate change through the adoption of locally tailored countermeasures; and organization of international conference’s side events to disseminate and share achievements.

The project has been initiated by CGCMG (Center for Global Climate and Marine Governance) Korea University in January 2018, sponsored by KOICA with various partner organizations such as GGGI, UNDP Seoul Policy Center to strengthen Ethiopia’s capacity to address climate change in forestry sector. Through our project, along with strong cooperation with distinguished organizations playing leading roles in related sector, Ethiopia will be able to effectively implement its INDCs in long-term.

International Cooperation on Climate Change and Forestry Sector

Article 5: REDD+

Macro levers Levers Description
Reduce pressure
agriculture on forests
Agriculture intensification on existing land Decrease requirements for new agricultural land by increasing yield and value crops
Prepare new for agriculture through medium and large-scale irrigation Shift new agricultural land from forest to degrade land brought into roduction due to irrigation and use of natural fertilizer
Prepare new land for agriculture through small-scale irrigation Shift new agricultural land from forest to degrade land brought into production due to irrigation and use of natural fertilizer
Reduce demand for
fuelwood
Fuelwood efficient stoves Reduce wood requirements thanks to efficient stoves(mostly in rural areas)
Electric stoves Switch to electiric stoves(in urban areas mostly)
LPT stove Switch to LPG stoves
Biogas stoves Switch biogas stoves (in rural areas)
Increase sequestration Afforestation and reforestation Large-scale afforestation and reforestation of degraded areas
Forest management Large-scale forest management programmes
Market mechanism from Paris Agreement

Intended Nationally Determined Contribution (INDC) of the Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia